KIDNEY STONES (TIMIBULU TOKHALA NGATI MIYALA MU IPHYO/CHIKODZODZO)
Sometimes,due to some factors or other medical conditions,some crystals from minerals and salts form in the kidneys or some parts of the urinary system.Most often they form when urine become concentrated allowing these minerals to be crystallised and stick together.
When kidney stones form munthu umamva kuwawa because they tend to try to move out through urination.You will therefore feel pain chapansi panchombopa koma kumanja and left .Other symptoms include:
1)Passing out red,brown or pink urine
2)Kukodza pafupi pafupi
3)Kukodza mkodzo ochepa
4)Frequent urinary infection which may cause fever and chills.
Your body normally gets minerals from food and others are produced by the liver.KIdney yanu imayenera izichotsa ma excess minerals and salts through the urine.Ngati ma minerals wa aukuchulukitsa or kidney sikuchotsa moyenera ma kidney stones atha kupangika.
Pali mitundu ingapo ya ma kidney stones.Some are formed from calcium oxalate,calcium phosphate,Uric acid.Pali zinthu zingapo zomwe zingapangise ma stones to be formed.Kupewa zopewakazo pa list imeneyi kutha kuchepetsa chiopsezo chopanga ma kidney stones.These include:
1)kusamwa madzi okwanira patsiku making the urine mostly concentrated
2)Kukonda kudya foods high in proteins,drinking too much alcohol leading to high uric acid levels kupangisa formation ya uric acid stones
3)Kudwala infection ya mu chikodzodzo pafupipafupi (formation of stuvite stones)
4)Kudya za mchere ochuluka (too much salt increases calcium in kidneys)
5)Taking calcium and vitamin D suppliments for a long time.
6)Matenda a kidney monga tunular disease komanso mankhwala ena monga a khunyu (topamax)
When you present with zizindikiro za ma kidney stones tests from urine and blood can be made to confirm komanso amakujambulani kuti aone ma crystals in your urinary system.
Treatment will be based on the effects of the stones and the size of the crystals as well.You will be advised to take lots of fluids and some pain medication to reduce pain when you pass them out.
In some cases mankhwala opanga relax ma muscles (alpha blockers) amapelekedwa kuti ma stones wa achoke mosavuta.
If kidney stones are causing much problems e.g kukukanikitsani kukodza,bleeding or frequent Urinary Tract Infection,they can be removed surgically.
If you wish to prevent kidney stones from forming in your urinary system avoid the risks I have already outlined.