A brief look
This is hepatitis caused by viruses.These viral infections lead to inflammation of the liver which may lead into liver
cancer,cirrhosis (liver kupanga zipsera) and finally liver failure.
Hepatitis Viruses are grouped into 5 groups (A,B,C,D and E)
Hepatitis B and C are the main causes of liver cirrhosis and cancer out of the other types
Hepatitis A is acute (kungodwala mwazizi in a short period) while B,C and D are chronic (ongoing). E is acute as well and dangerous in pregnant women.
Hepatitis A is transmitted by contaminated food and water (from feces of an infected person)
Hepatitis B is transmitted through body fluids,vaginal secretions, semen,blood contact (injections/transfusion) and sexual contact and the same applies to hepatitis C.
Hepatitis D is rare and in most cases occurs with B while hepatitis E is also spread through contaminated water and food.
SYMPTOMS AND SIGNS OF HEPATITIS
These include flu like symptoms,weakne
ss, dark urine,pale stools,a abnorminal pain,loss of appetite,unexplained weight loss,yellow skin (jaundice) and abnorminal tenderness.
Examinations to diagnose the problem include feeling the skin around the abdomen, live function tests,kujambula (ultrasound)
IS VIRAL HEPATITIS TREATED?
Treatment depends on the type of infection and whether it’s acute or chronic.
Hepatitis A doesn’t require treatment, bed rest and rehydration is recommended.
Vaccination for Hepatitis A is available and given to children between 12 and 18 months that’s why kusikelo nkofunika kwambiri.
Acute hepatitis B doesn’t require treatment but tikaona kuti its on going,antiviral medications are recommended.
Vaccine for hepatitis B is available and this is very much recommended for health workers to have it as well.
Hepatitis C and D treated by antiviral medications as well.
HOW DO WE PREVENT HEPATITIS
Practicing good hygiene is necessary in many ways including preventing hepatitis,chenjelani on how you prepare raw vegetables,fruits and make sure you get water from clean sources.
Avoid sharing sharp objects,toothbr
ushes,razors and touching spilled blood.
For hepatitis B and C kupewa kugonana mosaziteteza is important.
Getting vaccinated is another way to avoid having hepatitis.Tiyeni ana athu apatsidwe katemera yense.
Hepatitis leads to chronic liver disease,cirrhosis,cancer of the liver,bleeding disorders,kidney problems and kutupa mimba (ascites).
Let’s prevent it!